MCL 600.1060(c) defines drug treatment courts as ". . . a court supervised treatment program for individuals who abuse or are dependent upon any controlled substance or alcohol." These courts are specially designed to reduce recidivism and substance abuse among nonviolent substance-abusing offenders and to increase the offenders' likelihood of successful habilitation through early, continuous, and intense judicially- supervised treatment, mandatory periodic drug testing, and use of appropriate sanctions.
Drug treatment courts evolved to address the revolving-door cycle in which drug and alcohol offenders moved in and out of the justice system. Drug treatment courts treat addiction as a complex disease and provide a comprehensive, sustained continuum of therapeutic interventions, treatment, and other services to increase a participant's periods of abstinence and reduce the rate of relapse, re-arrest, and incarceration.
Michigan has been a pioneer in the drug treatment court movement. There are currently 84 drug treatment courts in Michigan, consisting of 32 adult drug courts, 23 DWI courts, 15 juvenile drug courts, 11 family dependency courts, and 3 tribal healing-to-wellness courts. Michigan's drug treatment courts operate in 40 counties; however, the three tribal drug courts have special jurisdictions.
Types of Drug Courts
Drug Court Case Management Information System
What is the Drug COurt Case Management Information System
The Michigan Drug Court Case Management Information System (DCCMIS) was developed by the State Court Administrative Office as a tool to facilitate the daily operations of drug courts, as well as to collect data for subsequent analysis and evaluation. The system is a web-based, menu-driven application accessible through Internet Explorer 6.0 or above, and is organized around a series of screens associated with a client's case. Most users do not require any special computer expertise in order to navigate the system. DCCMIS is designed to manage all client information from initial intake to program completion and beyond. The system stores client-level data and produces summary information needed by judges and court staff to facilitate drug court decision making.
What is the Cost to Local Courts?
The State Court Administrative Office is responsible for system hosting and maintenance. The only cost to local drug courts if for a high speed internet connection and upgrades to PC software and hardware, if needed. The State Court Administrative Office provides user training at no cost.
Can My Court Use the System?
All courts receiving funding through the Michigan Drug Court Grant Program (MDGCP) are required to use the system as a condition of funding, beginning in fiscal year 2007. Other drug courts are encouraged, but not required, to use the system. A letter of agreement between users courts and the State Court Administrative Office outlines the responsibilities for system use and maintenance. Any court interested in using the DCCMIS should schedule an onsite review with the State Court Administrative Office prior to implementation of the system.