DWI court has a post-conviction court docket dedicated to changing the behavior of the alcohol- or drug-dependent repeat offender or high-BAC offender arrested for driving while impaired (DWI). The goal of the DWI court is to protect public safety, while addressing the root causes of impaired driving. DWI court utilizes a team of criminal justice professionals (including prosecutors, defense attorneys, probation officers, and law enforcement), along with substance abuse treatment professionals to systematically change participate behavior. Like drug courts, DWI courts involve extensive interaction between the judge and the offenders to hold the offenders accountable for their compliance with court, supervision, and treatment conditions (Huddleston, et al., 2004). [Huddleston & Marlowe, National Drug Court Institute and United States Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance, Painting the Current Picture: A National Report on Drug Courts and Other Problem-Solving Court Programs in the United States
(July 2011, p 44).]
Ignition Interlock Pilot Project
In 2010, the Ignition Interlock Pilot Project was established by Michigan Compiled Laws (MCL) 600.1084 and MCL 257.304. The law allows a restricted license to be issued to a person whose license is suspended, restricted, revoked or denied based on two or more convictions of driving while intoxicated or while impaired if the date of offense occurs on or after January 1, 2011. The individual must also be participating in a Sobriety Court program and have an ignition interlock device installed on each motor vehicle they own or operate.
An ignition interlock, or Breath Alcohol Ignition Interlock Device [BAIID], is an in-car breathalyzer that measures a driver’s blood alcohol content (BAC). Before the vehicle can be started, the driver must exhale into the interlock device. If the driver’s BAC is above the pre-established level, the interlock device will prevent the car from starting. At random times after the engine has been started, the device will require the driver to provide another breath sample, called a “rolling retest.” If the breath sample is not provided, or the sample exceeds a set BAC, the device will log the event, warn the driver and start an alarm (that sounds until the ignition is turned off, or a clean breath sample has been provided.
Drug Treatment Court Minimum Data Standards
Under MCL 600.1078, all adult and juvenile drug treatment courts must collect and provide data to the State Court Administrative Office (SCAO) on each drug court applicant and participant. MCL 600.1078(3) specifies that SCAO must develop a minimum standard data set that captures this data for the purpose of preparing an annual legislative report about drug court performance.
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